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quarta-feira, 12 dezembro 2012 15:43

Neurodevelopmental disorders

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Anita Thapar1,2, Miriam Cooper1,2, Michael Rutter3

Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Section, Division of Psychological Medicine and Clinical Neurosciences, Cathays, Cardiff, UK
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics, Cardiff University School of Medicine, Cathays, Cardiff, UK
MRC SGDP Centre, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College, London, UK


December 12, 2016


Neurodevelopmental disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder, although most commonly considered in childhood, can be lifelong conditions. In this Personal View that is shaped by clinical experience and research, we adopt a conceptual approach. First, we discuss what disorders are neurodevelopmental and why such a grouping is useful. We conclude that both distinction and grouping are helpful and that it is important to take into account the strong overlap across neurodevelopmental disorders. Then we highlight some challenges in bridging research and clinical practice. We discuss the complexity of clinical phenotypes and the importance of the social context. We also argue the importance of viewing neurodevelopmental disorders as traits but highlight that this is not the only approach to use. Finally, we consider developmental change across the life-span. Overall, we argue strongly for a flexible approach in clinical practice that takes into consideration the high level of heterogeneity and overlap in neurodevelopmental disorders and for research to link more closely to what is observed in real-life practice.

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Read 437 times Last modified on terça-feira, 10 março 2020 15:53